May 10, 1979
|Revised Romanization||I Hyo-ri|
Lee Hyo-ri (born May 10, 1979) is a South Korean singer, record producer, activist, actress and television presenter. Dubbed as the "Nation's Fairy" during her Family Outing days, she debuted as a member of South Korean girl group Fin.K.L, but has since become a solo artist. In 2003, she released her debut solo album Stylish which won several "Artist of the Year" awards. In 2006, Lee was the highest-paid female singer in South Korea when she signed a contract with Mnet Media.
1979–1997: Early life
Lee was born in 1979 in Osong-ri, Cheongwon County, North Chungcheong Province, South Korea, as the youngest of three daughters. Lee grew up impoverished, in a barbershop of about 8 pyeong (approximately 285 square feet). After being expelled from middle school once, Lee worked part-time at a restaurant and was scouted by an agency and cast by the manager of H.O.T. (band). She prepared for a girl group debut while living as a trainee of SM Entertainment before eventually debuting as the leader of Fin.K.L.
1998–2002: Career beginnings in Fin.K.L
Lee began her career as part of South Korean pop girl group Fin.K.L. As the eldest member, she was the leader of the group. Lee was discovered while taking sticker pictures with her friends and was the last member to join Fin.K.L, just before their debut in January 1998. Fin.K.L debuted officially on May 22, 1998 with their first single "Blue Rain". The second release from their debut album, To My Boyfriend, became the first of their multiple number one hits. Fin.K.L became one of the most popular and successful South Korean pop groups of all-time, rivaling fellow popular girl group S.E.S.
A year after Fin.K.L's fourth studio album Forever, her solo debut album was released in August 2003, entitled Stylish. The lead single "10 Minutes" became one of her signature hits and the singer nearly swept the Daesangs, the most prestigious South Korean music award, winning more than seven of them, including three of the four most prestigious Daesangs. Stylish sold 144,182 copies in South Korea alone, according to the Music Industry Association of Korea in 2003. Her popularity in her various activities eventually was dubbed as the "Hyori Syndrome" in South Korea, and the Korean Media nicknamed 2003 "The Year of Hyori" as she was rarely out of the news all year.
In January 2005, Lee made her acting debut in the SBS TV series Three Leaf Clover, starring opposite Ryu Jin, Kim Jung-hwa, Kim Kang-woo, and Lee Hoon. However, the 16-episode drama received low ratings (less than 10%) and Lee was criticized for her acting, with viewers saying she was miscast as a downtrodden but cheerful steel mill worker.
On August 8, 2005, she co-hosted the annual Korean Music Festival for the second year running.
2006–2007: Signing with Mnet and Dark Angel
It was reported that Lee had signed a three-year contract with Mnet Entertainment (currently Stone Music Entertainment) for ₩2.2 billion, becoming the highest-paid female singer in South Korea (approx. US$2.2 million per year).
Despite the failure of her previous drama Three Leaf Clover, in 2007, Lee starred opposite Lee Dong-gun in the mini-drama If in Love... Like Them. Although originally announced as being only one episode long, it aired for four episodes on Mnet. An edited two-episode version of the drama also ran on SBS. During filming, part of a roof Lee was standing on collapsed. Only her foot fell through, but reportedly the fall might have been fatal if co-star Lee Dong-gun had not rescued her.
In February 2007, Lee announced her new digital single which would essentially be the soundtrack to If in Love... Like Them. She performed all three main tracks from the single on Inkigayo on February 25, 2007. The lead song was "Toc Toc Toc" (Korean: 톡톡톡; RR: Toktoktok). Despite the single's genre being R&B, Lee began to sing more ballads afterwards, slowly moving away from her "sexy superstar" image. The single, although initially given a digital-only release, was given a limited retail release of only 30,000 copies. It was released on March 6, 2007, and in addition to the three tracks found in the digital single, it included a reworked version of "Toc Toc Toc." It was the best-selling album for that month, selling 27,845 copies.
Although her single was commercially successful, her drama was heavily penalized for violating advertising guidelines, as If in Love... Like Them had several instances of overt product placement, in addition to using Lee's songs in the soundtrack. The Korean Broadcasting Committee ruled that the drama should not be aired in South Korea again, and that the network must apologize to its viewers.
Lee also did promotions in Japan when Japanese network Fuji TV aired If in Love... Like Them, where Lee was given the same VIP treatment offered to other international stars. The drama was broadcast on CS Fuji, a smaller satellite channel that Fuji TV owned.
2008–2009: TV hosting and It's Hyorish
During breaks in her solo music career, Lee also hosted various television programs, including Time Machine and Happy Together, which she co-hosted with Yoo Jae-suk in 2006. On April 8, 2008, she joined KBS's Sang Sang Plus as a co-host alongside Country Kkokko members Shin Jung-hwan and Tak Jae-hoon. She was one of the original co-hosts of Change, a show on SBS's Good Sunday line-up, before leaving in early July. She is also a former cast member of the variety show Family Outing, appearing in only the first season. Mnet ran a 12-episode show called Off the Record: Lee Hyori, which documented Lee's life on-set for three months; the show's purpose was to lessen the gap between the singer and her fans/anti-fans by letting them see that she is just another human being like everyone.
Her third studio album, It's Hyorish, was released on July 14, 2008. "U-Go-Girl", the first single from the album, peaked at number 1 on online and offline charts, including various television music shows.
In November 2009, her contract with Mnet Media was set to expire. Lee planned to sign a contract with Gil Entertainment (currently B2M Entertainment) and work with Gil Jong-hwa, Fin.K.L's co-manager who had worked with the group since its debut. However, her 2010 album was released under the label of Mnet Media.
2010–2015: H-Logic, Album plagarisim controversy and Monochrome
Almost two years after her previous album, Lee returned with H-Logic on April 12, 2010. The album has 14 tracks, including collaborations with Daesung from Big Bang, Jeon Ji-yoon from 4Minute, Bekah from After School, Gary from Leessang, and Sangchu from Mighty Mouth. The singer worked also with E-Tribe, the team behind "U-Go-Girl", the lead single from her previous album.
A music video was released for "Swing" (Korean: 그네; RR: Geune), featuring Gary from Leessang, on March 31, 2010. The lead single "Chitty Chitty Bang Bang" and its music video were released soon after. The self-penned song, which features Ceejay (from Freshboyz), was released the same day as her album. She won two Mutizen Song awards on The Music Trend for her lead single within two weeks.
Soon after the release of the album H-Logic, seven of its songs, composed by Bahnus, were accused of plagiarism (among the allegedly plagiarized songs was "Bring It Back," performed by Canadian girl group Cookie Couture). On June 21, 2010, Lee admitted that the plagiarism accusations against her album were true, saying she had been "deceived"; she temporarily stopped all her activities as a singer and suspended her TV appearances.
While on hiatus, Lee began to grow as a cultural influence. She wrote online columns for vernacular newspapers such as The Hankyoreh that mixed her thoughts on life and career with social commentary, and was well reviewed for her simple prose, humor and intelligence. She also became an increasing presence in the civic community, emerging as one of the country's most high-profile animals rights activists. In 2011, Lee released two charity songs for donation to animal shelters, "Please Stay Behind" (Korean: 남아 주세요; RR: Nama Juseyo) and "Remember" (Korean: 기억해; RR: Gieokhae).
Beginning March 4, 2012, she and singer-songwriter/pianist Jung Jae-hyung hosted the music show Jung Jae-hyung & Lee Hyo-ri's You and I on SBS. The show aired its final episode on October 14, 2012, ending its ten-month run due to low ratings.
After her comeback was pushed back several times throughout 2012, it was announced that Lee would return to the stage with her fifth full-length album in May 2013. Five video teasers were released on YouTube on April 23, 2013. On May 6, 2013, she released her pre-release track for the album, titled "Miss Korea" (Korean: 미스코리아; RR: Miseukoria). Lee herself wrote and composed the sophisticated retro-jazz song (it was arranged by her then-boyfriend, guitarist Lee Sang-soon), and the full-version music video released on the same day was a black-and-white video depicting Lee as a circa 1950s-type glamorous Miss Korea pageant crown holder. She personally selected 30 non-celebrity women "with love and respect for themselves" who she saw as the genuine Miss Korea's to perform the song with her on stage at the 2013 SBS Gayo Daejeon televised concert.
Her fifth studio album, Monochrome, was released on May 21, 2013. Lee wrote the lyrics for eight of the 16 tracks on the album, and reportedly used a full band instead of using electronically generated sounds for the songs. Upon its release, eight tracks were ranked in the top 10 on Bugs, Olleh and Naver Music, while its lead track, "Bad Girls" topped the charts on Melon, Naver, Olleh and Bugs. She performed "Bad Girls" as part of a highly praised collaboration stage at the 2013 SBS Gayo Daejeon televised concert along with CL from girl group 2NE1, who had also released a bad girl themed song that year called The Baddest Female.
On April 2, 2014, SBS announced she and actress Moon So-ri would host a talk show Magic Eye. The show started filming in April. Due to low ratings, the show aired its final episode on November 18, 2014.
In February 2015, Lee's representatives announced that her contract with B2M Entertainment had expired in 2013. In May 2015, Lee announced that she closed her blog as well as her Twitter account. Along with shutting down her social media, she stopped all of her television activities. In October of that year, Lee's representative told media outlets that she would be taking a 2-year hiatus from her entertainment career, "in order to have time for herself."
In October 2016, Lee hinted at working on new music. In November, it was confirmed that Lee had signed with Kiwi Media Group with a new album due in 2017. In December, Lee made a return to social media with posts on Instagram.
In January 2017, Kwi Media's CEO Kim Hyung Suk revealed on MBC's Video Star that Lee was taking on the bulk of the responsibility for her new album as executive producer while working with him and "10 Minutes" songwriter Kim Dong Hyun.
In April 2017, it was announced that Lee would be starring with her husband in a new variety show entitled Hyori's Homestay. In June, Lee's agency confirmed her comeback for early July as she prepared to film a music video for the single. Later the same month, her agency announced that singer-songwriter Lee Juck would be featured on one of the tracks.
A few days later, Lee released a teaser image and video teaser for the album's pre-release track "Seoul". The self-composed electro-R&B song was released on June 28, 2017, alongside the music video featuring the contrasting visuals of Seoul and Jeju Island. The album's tracklist was revealed along with a series of visual teasers for the album a few days before the album's release.
On July 4, 2017, her sixth studio album, Black, was released alongside the rustic-themed official music video for the title track. The mature, experimental sound started with Monochrome continues as Lee wrote eight and composed nine of the ten album tracks.
2017–2019: Reality show with JTBC
Lee and her husband, Lee Sang-soon, turned their house in Jeju Island into a guest house to film Hyori's Homestay. In season 1, IU joins the show as an employee. In season 2, the employee position was replaced by YoonA, also in this season Park Bo-gum came to worked as a temporary employee.
2020–present: Back in the music industry, SSAK3 and Refund Sisters
On May 15, 2020, Lee announced that she had signed a contract with ESteem Entertainment. Through MBC's Hangout with Yoo, she, under the stage name Linda G, founded the summer project co-ed trio named SSAK3 with Rain and Yoo Jae-suk. They released a debut single "Beach Again" on July 18, 2020 and officially debuted on July 25 with a debut stage on Music Core. SSAK3 is a special summer project, and they announced that all proceeds from their songs and promotions will be donated to communities in need.
After SSAK3 project, Hangout with Yoo programme has a spin-off from Lee naming Uhm Jung-hwa, Jessi and Hwasa as the members she wanted in her dream girl group during the SSAK3 segment. The four women formed another girl group named Refund Sisters (환불원정대) with Yoo Jae-suk as a producer. They released a debut single "Don't Touch Me" on October 10, 2020.
Artistry and image
Styles, lyrics and themes
After the disbandment of Fin.K.L., Lee's style has been categorized as Urban Pop and dance-pop. With the release of H-Logic, Lee began to experiment with her sound by incorporating hip-hop into her music. Later releases have been influenced by country, blues, disco, folk and rock music.
At the beginning of her solo career, Lee would sometimes write or co-write material for her albums alongside other songwriters. Later in her career, she began self-composing and producing much of her own material. Thematically, Lee's songs have ranged from love and heartbreak to empowerment to social commentary with a female perspective.
Lee's vocal range can be classified in the mezzo-soprano range. In spite of her sexy image, she has been recognized for her emotional delivery in songs like "Swing" and "Amor Mio". Lee has been criticized for her vocal ability, which she responded with "I think everyone thinks differently, so they can think so. Before, I felt like I was hiding behind the instruments. It felt uncomfortable otherwise. But starting from a point, I started liking my voice. Since I like it, it didn't really matter what other people thought."
Since Fin.K.L's disbandment, Lee became known for her sex appeal. This image has allowed Lee to lend her face and image to advertising for various company endorsement deals, and in 2005 she was chosen in a consumer survey as the female entertainer with the strongest brand power. In late 2003, Lee signed an advertising contract with Samsung, for which she would make three musical commercials and songs for their Anycall cell phones, which became some of her most prominent commercials. The first commercial and song, "Anymotion", was released in early 2005, featuring Eric Mun from Shinhwa. In early 2006, the follow-up commercial "Anyclub" featuring Teddy Park from 1TYM was released in two parts; the music video starred Eric Mun and actor Kwon Sang-woo. The songs from the commercials served as singles for Lee in between her albums. The final commercial was released in December 2006, titled "Anystar" and differed from the first two in that it featured mostly dialogue. The commercial starred actor Lee Joon-gi and YG Family trainee Park Bom (2NE1). Her contract with Samsung ended in December 2007.
For five years, Lee was the model for Lotte Liquor, making her its longest-serving endorser. According to Lotte, the market share of the company's soju brand rose from 11 to 15 percent while Lee modeled for it. Her contract ended in November 2012.
In 2007, she starred in a commercial with Jessica Alba for South Korean cosmetics company Ĭsa Knox, which was shot in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Lee also modeled for cosmetics company Biotherm (her contract ended in February 2007), and Black Bean Therapy, a health drink. She then signed with KB Card, and has starred in commercials along with Rain. She was a model for Calvin Klein Jeans, modeling for the "Pure Calvin" Collection. She was also briefly featured in a 2010 Adidas commercial.
Stage name controversy
During an episode of Hangout with Yoo, Lee Hyori was brainstorming stage names for the project group Refund Sisters. During this conversation she said, “How about a Chinese name, since we could go global? How about ‘Mao’?” In response to this, Chinese viewers of the show expressed their discontent as the name was reminiscent of Mao Zedong.
Lee has been recognized as one of South Korea's leading socialtainers for her charity work and raising her voice for social causes. She adheres to a pescetarian diet according to her personal ethics and health beliefs and is an advocate for animal welfare and animal rights. In 2012 she published Closer, a photo-essay book that focuses on her everyday life with her dog Soonshim whom Lee adopted from an animal shelter. In the book Lee wrote her thoughts on animal rights and animal shelters as well as her sentiments toward wearing animal fur. She has given money to shelters along with taking in stray and abused animals. Her work in animal activism has led her to interviewing Jane Goodall.
When SsangYong Motor laid off workers in December 2014, Lee gave public support of the workers via Twitter, announcing that she wanted to see the new car Tivoli sell well so they would be hired again, adding that, if it happened, she would dance in front of the car in a bikini.
In a June 2012 poll by Panelnow, Lee was listed as one of "the socialtainers that best represents Korea" alongside male broadcaster Kim Je-dong, male singer Kim Jang-hoon, and actress Kim Yeo-jin.
She married musician Lee Sang-soon, guitarist of rock band Roller Coaster, on September 1, 2013, at their vacation home on Mt. Halla in Jeju Island. Both of them are members of an animal rights group and began dating after they collaborated in July 2011 on a song that Lee recorded to support animal shelters.
- Stylish...E (2003)
- Dark Angel (2006)
- It's Hyorish (2008)
- H-Logic (2010)
- Monochrome (2013)
- Black (2017)
Concerts and tours
- The First Concert: Lee Hyori the Invincible (2008)
|1997||EBS||The Generation of Sensibility||One of the disorderly students||Pre-debut|
|2005||Three Leaf Clover||Kang Jin-a|
|2006–07||KBS2||Happy Together Friends||Host|
|2007||SBS||If in Love... Like Them||Lee Na|
|2008||Mnet||Off the Record: Lee Hyori||Main cast||Reality show|
|SBS||On Air||Herself||Cameo role (Episode 1)|
|KBS2||Sang Sang Plus||Host|
|2008–10||Family Outing||Main cast|
|2012||SBS||Jung Jae-hyung & Lee Hyo-ri's You and I||Host|
|OnStyle||Golden 12||Herself||Reality show|
|tvN||Reply 1997||Cameo appearance through archive footage (Episode 12)|
|2013||Mnet||2HYORI SHOW||Comeback special for Monochrome|
|OnStyle/Mnet||Lee Hyori's X Sister||Main cast||Reality show|
|OnStyle||Korea's Next Top Model||Special Judge|
|EBS||Our Sole Earth||Herself||Featured with Lee Sang-soon (Episode "Instant Wedding")|
|EBS||Our Sole Earth||Interviewee||Episode "Your Winter Coat, Alpaca and Raccoon"|
|2015||SBS||Take Care of My Dad||Narrator||Voice only|
|2017||JTBC||Hyori's Homestay||Main cast||Reality show|
|2018||JTBC||Hyori's Homestay 2||Main cast||Reality show|
|2019||Camping Club||Reality show|
|2020||MBC||Hangout with Yoo||Regular cast||Episode 45 - 56 (SSAK3 (Linda G))|
Episode 57 - 69 (Refund Sisters (Cheon Ok))
|KakaoTV||Face ID||Host||Episode 1 - 7|
|2002||Emergency Act 19||Herself (as a member of Fin.K.L)||Cameo|
|2012||Dancing Queen||Superstar K judge||Cameo|
|2018||The Spy Gone North||Herself||Cameo|
|2000||Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 2||Herself||South Korean PC version|
- Lee Hyori (2012). 가까이 – 효리와 순심이가 시작하는 이야기 [Closer – The Story Begun by Hyori and Soonshim] (in Korean). Bookhouse. ISBN 978-89-56-05594-7.
Awards and nominations
- Mark Russell (April 29, 2014). K-Pop Now!: The Korean Music Revolution. Tuttle Publishing. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-4629-1411-1.
- "[충청도 출신 연예인들]고향의 이름으로 '별'이 되다". 충청투데이 (in Korean). June 10, 2012. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- "이효리 어린 시절, "화장실 없는 8평 이발소에서 생활했다"". Review Star (in Korean). April 16, 2012. Archived from the original on May 13, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- "이효리, 중학생 시절 '이전퇴학' 당했다 "노래방 때문에…"". Sports Kyunghyang (in Korean). April 17, 2012. Archived from the original on April 26, 2021. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
- 파이낸셜뉴스 (June 15, 2012). "아르바이트하다 파출소까지 간 연예인은?". 파이낸셜뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved November 12, 2020.
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- "Lee Hyori Not performing in 2004". KPop Music News. Archived from the original on January 20, 2004. Retrieved April 24, 2007.
- Moon, Iris (March 28, 2005). "Job, household chores subject of 'real' dramas". The Korea Herald via Hancinema.
- "Singers-Turned-Actors: the Best and the Worst". The Chosun Ilbo. December 2, 2006.
- "Britney Songwriters Complain of Lee Hyo-lee 'Plagiarism'". The Chosun Ilbo. March 23, 2006.
- "Pop Star Prepped for Better Year". The Chosun Ilbo. January 16, 2007.
- "Lee Hyo-ri Becomes Highest Paid Female Singer". The Chosun Ilbo. November 9, 2006.
- "Is Sexy Girl Lee Hyo-lee Facing an Image Crisis?". The Chosun Ilbo. January 2, 2007.
- Han, Eun-jung (December 18, 2006). "Once Bitten but Not Twice Shy". The Korea Times via Hancinema.
- "Music Industry Association of Korea – March 2007". Music Industry Association of Korea. Archived from the original on July 8, 2007. Retrieved April 18, 2007.
- "페이지를 찾을 수 없습니다". world.kbs.co.kr. Archived from the original on May 8, 2009. Retrieved June 28, 2007.
- "Star Lee Hyo-ri Stirring Interest in Japan". The Chosun Ilbo. April 16, 2007.
- "Lee Hyo-ri Says Secret Weapon is 'Sex Appeal'". The Chosun Ilbo. June 5, 2007.
- "CS Fuji".
- Roundtable Plus Welcomes New Host E Hyo-lee. KBS World. March 26, 2008.
- "Lee Hyo-ri's First Solo Gig Sells Out in 5 Minutes". The Chosun Ilbo. November 8, 2008.
- 이효리, 핑클 시절 매니저와 재결합...억대 러브콜 거절 본문 뉴스 본문 이효리, 핑클 시절 매니저와 재결합...억대 러브콜 거절 [Lee, Work again with Fin.K.L's co-manager]. Daum (in Korean). September 26, 2009.
- "H-Logic". YesAsia. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- "Lee Hyori admits plagiarism". The Korea Times. June 20, 2010.
- "Lee Hyo-ri Admits New Songs Were Plagiarized". The Chosun Ilbo. June 21, 2010.
- "Lee Hyo-ri suspends TV appearances". The Korea Times. July 8, 2010.
- Baek, Byung-yeul (May 6, 2013). "Alternative to Psy: Lee Hyo-ri is Miss Korea in new album". The Korea Times. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Han, Yeo-wool (January 20, 2012). "Lee Hyori, Jung Jae-hyung to host new music show". 10Asia.
- '유앤아이' 폐지 8개월만 막내린다..14일 마지막 방송. Newsen (in Korean). October 10, 2012.
- Kim, Hyeong-woo (March 11, 2013). '퀸' 이효리 5월 컴백 순항 3년만의 귀환 "타이틀곡 막바지 작업". Newsen (in Korean).
- "Racy Teasers Whet Appetites for Lee Hyo-ri's New Album". The Chosun Ilbo. April 24, 2013.
- Suh, Hye-rim (May 2, 2013). "Lee Hyo-ri unveils video teaser for new song Miss Korea". The Korea Herald.
- Jin, Eun-soo (May 2, 2013). "Lee Hyori to be the next Miss Korea in new video". The Korea Herald.
- Jackson, Julie (May 7, 2013). "Lee Hyori's Miss Korea dominates charts". The Korea Herald.
- "Lee Hyori to recruit non-celebrity 'Miss Korea's for her stage at the '2013 SBS Gayo Daejun' - allkpop.com".
- Suh, Hye-rim (May 9, 2013). "Lee Hyori unveils Monochrome album image". The Korea Herald.
- Jackson, Julie (May 22, 2013). "Lee Hyori's Monochrome sweeps charts". The Korea Herald.
- 이효리 배드걸, 섹시한 미스코리아급 화보! [Lee Hyori, bad girl, sexy and like Miss Korea]. Etnews.com (in Korean). May 21, 2013.
- 인기가요 이효리 "'미스코리아' 작사 하루만에 완성" [Lee Hyori, completed the lyrics in one day]. StarMk.co.kr (in Korean). May 26, 2013.
- "A Star-Studded Affair: 2013 SBS Gayo Daejun". December 30, 2013.
- lellie (April 3, 2014). "Lee Hyori and Moon So Ri Partner Up to Host New Variety Program". Soompi.
- '매직아이' 내달 18일 종영 (in Korean). OSEN. October 30, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
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