Scotia, New York

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Scotia, New York.
Location in Schenectady County and the state of New York.
Location in Schenectady County and the state of New York.
Coordinates: 42°50′N 73°58′W / 42.833°N 73.967°W / 42.833; -73.967Coordinates: 42°50′N 73°58′W / 42.833°N 73.967°W / 42.833; -73.967
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
 • Total1.79 sq mi (4.63 km2)
 • Land1.68 sq mi (4.36 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.27 km2)
243 ft (74 m)
 • Total7,729
 • Estimate 
 • Density4,543.40/sq mi (1,754.40/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)518
FIPS code36-65893
GNIS feature ID0964672

Scotia is a village in Schenectady County, New York, United States, incorporated in 1904. The population was 7,729 at the 2010 census.[3] Scotia is part of the town of Glenville, and is connected with the city of Schenectady by the Western Gateway Bridge[4] over the Mohawk River.


The land was purchased by Alexander Lindsay Glen, a native of Scotland, from the Mohawk people in the 17th century. Glen named his estate Scotia (Latin for "Scotland") after his home country.[5] Scotia was the location of a military encampment during both the French and Indian War of 1754 and again during the War of 1812.[5] During the 1800s, Scotia was known for its production of brooms, over 1 million annually for a time.[5] In the 20th century, Scotia became a thriving bedroom community for employees of Schenectady employers such as General Electric. During World War II the Scotia Naval Supply Depot (1942-1971) employed over 2000 workers.[6]

Historic buildings:


Scotia is on the north bank of the Mohawk River at 42°50′N 73°58′W / 42.833°N 73.967°W / 42.833; -73.967 (42.8313, -73.9654).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.6 km2), of which 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 5.82%, is water.[13]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)7,642[2]−1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2010, there were 7,729 people, 3,362 households, and 2,006 families residing in the village. The population density was 4,573.4 people per square mile (1,765.8/km2).[16] There were 3,519 housing units at an average density of 2,082.2 per square mile (804/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the village was 95.4% White, 1.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

Of 3,362 households, 30% included individuals under the age of 18, 42.1% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.3% were non-families, 33.7% were individuals living alone, and 13.1% were individuals age 65 or older living alone. The average household size was 2.3 and the average family size was 2.95.

The village population was composed of 23.1% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 20, 31% from 21 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. The female population was 51.6% and the male population was 48.4%.

In 2015, the estimated median income for a household in the village was $54,607, and the median income for a family was $75,182. Males had a median income of $54,364 versus $45,603 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,853. An estimated 4.0% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 5.6% or over.[17]


Aerial photo: Collins Park and vicinity

Scotia is served by the Scotia-Glenville Central School District. Schools located in the village of Scotia include Lincoln and Sacandaga Elementary Schools, while Scotia-Glenville High School and Scotia-Glenville Middle School stand just outside the village limits. The private Mekeel Christian Academy occupies the former Scotia High School building in the village. Local residents may enjoy pastimes at all seasons in Collins Park and nearby Freedom Park. Winter events include sledding and ice skating, while summer activities include baseball, tennis, swimming, pond and river fishing, picnicking, concerts, and waterskiing on the Mohawk River.


Scotia is served by the historic New York Route 5, and is the terminus for both Route 50 and Route 147 providing access to Saratoga County. The Route 5 link to Schenectady is over the Western Gateway Bridge, originally built in 1923-25, and replaced in 1971.[18] Scotia was formerly served by railways, including the New York Central (which operated a switch yard in the village), the Delaware and Hudson, and the Boston and Maine, as well as the electric Fonda, Johnstown and Gloversville interurban line. Two nearby airports, located in the town of Glenville, serve the village: Mohawk Valley Airport is a privately owned airport for public use located three nautical miles (6 km) along State Route 5, northwest of the village of Scotia.[19][20] Schenectady County Airport is a joint civil-military public airport located two nautical miles (3 km) north-northeast of the village of Scotia.

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Scotia village, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2012.
  4. ^ Original photo of the first Western Gateway Bridge
  5. ^ a b c Village of Scotia History
  6. ^ "Forts :: New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center".
  7. ^ Dendochronological Analyses
  8. ^ Visit Flint House
  9. ^ First Baptist Church: History
  10. ^ Bill Buell, "Dutch Touch, Mynderse house reflects Washington Irving influence," Schenectady Gazette, 25 January 2004,,5464230
  11. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Scotia village, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2012.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017-01-20.
  16. ^ a b New York: 2010; Population and Housing Units Counts (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. June 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Scotia Village, New York". American Community Survey. US Census Bureau. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  18. ^ Union Bridging the Mohawk River by Gara and Garver
  19. ^ "FAA Airport Master Record" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. 7 May 2009.
  20. ^ "Mohawk Valley Airpark (K13)" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation.
  21. ^ "Helmut Karl Beuchner Biography". Washington Biologists' Field Club, USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Retrieved April 22, 2012.

External links[edit]