John Brydges, 1st Baron Chandos
|Lieutenant of the Tower of London|
|Monarch||Queen Mary I|
|Preceded by||Sir Edward Warner|
|Succeeded by||Sir Thomas Brydges|
|Groom of the Chamber|
|Monarch||King Henry VIII|
|Constable of Sudeley Castle|
|Succeeded by||Edmund Brydges, 2nd Baron Chandos|
|High Sheriff of Wiltshire|
|Preceded by||Sir Henry Long|
|Succeeded by||Sir Anthony Hungerford|
|Born||9 March 1492|
Old Coberley Hall, Coberley, Gloucestershire
|Died||12 April 1557|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of England|
|Battles/wars||War of the League of Cambrai Wyatt's Rebellion 1554|
John Brydges, 1st Baron Chandos (9 March 1492 – 12 April 1557) was an English courtier, Member of Parliament and later peer. His last name is also sometimes spelt Brugge or Bruges. He was a prominent figure at the English court during the reigns of Kings Henry VIII and Edward VI and of Queen Mary I.
He was born at Coberley, Gloucestershire, the son of Sir Giles Brydges of Coberley (c. 1462 – 1511) and Isabel Baynham. His father was a knight of the body to Henry VII and his brother Thomas Brydges of Cornbury, Oxfordshire also held public office and served as an MP. Bridges inherited his father's Oxfordshire and Wiltshire estates as a minor in 1511, and was for two years the ward of Sir Edward Darrell.
He was knighted in 1513 after serving in France with Charles Brandon at Terouenne and Tournai. He attended Henry VIII on all subsequent state occasions in England and France (presumably including the famous meeting with Francis I of France at the Field of the Cloth of Gold, where Gloucestershire was represented by, amongst others, a Sir John Brydges).
His election in 1529 as junior knight of the shire for Gloucestershire was a tribute to his standing both locally and at court, but it was doubtless assisted by his influential connections, through his mother with the Baynhams and through his wife with the noble house of Grey of Wilton.
Brydges was High Sheriff of Wiltshire for 1537, and took part in suppressing the rebellion of Sir Thomas Wyatt in 1554. As Lieutenant of the Tower of London during the earlier part of Queen Mary's reign, he had the custody not only of Lady Jane Grey and of Thomas Wyatt, but for a short time, of the Queen's half-sister as well, the Princess Elizabeth Tudor (who would later become Queen Elizabeth I of England).
In 1554, Queen Mary I gave Sudeley Castle to John Brydges and created him Baron Chandos of Sudeley on 8 April 1554. The castle remained his property throughout her reign and the reign of Queen Elizabeth I as well and then passed down to his descendants. It was at Sudeley Castle that Queen Elizabeth was entertained three times. Also, later on in 1592, a spectacular three-day feast was held there to celebrate the anniversary of the defeat of the Spanish Armada.
It was around 1512 when Brydges married Elizabeth Grey, daughter of Edmund Grey, 9th Baron Grey de Wilton (died 1511), and Florence Hastings, eldest daughter of Sir Ralph Hastings. They had eleven children. Their son Edmund succeeded to the Chandos barony on his father's death. Their son Charles married Jane, daughter of Sir Edward Carne. Their daughter Katherine married Edward Sutton, 4th Baron Dudley.
He died at Sudeley Castle 12 April 1557 and was buried with heraldic ceremony on 3 May in Sudeley Church. His will, dated 2 March 1556, was proved 28 May 1557. In his will, he styles himself as Sir John Bruges, Knight, Lord Chandos of Sudeley.
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